28 July 2022

Entries or components of entries revised because the 2019 play with descriptive text, as for analogy in the COCKLE letter

Entries or components of entries revised because the 2019 play with descriptive text, as for analogy in the COCKLE letter

  1. An objectivecompound is a compound noun or adjective in which the first element is a noun and the second element is a introduce participle, spoken noun, or broker noun, and which can be rewritten as a term in which the first element is the object of the verb underlying the second element.
  • Chocolates n. and you may adj. contains a compounds section with the heading ‘Objective’. The compounds listed there include chocolate lover (a person who loves chocolate), chocolate maker (a person who makes chocolate), chocolate making (the action or process of making chocolate), and chocolate seller (a person who sells chocolate).
  • PRAYER letter. 1 contains a compounds section with the heading ‘Objective’. The compounds listed there include prayer-answering (that answers prayers), prayer-hearing­ (that hears prayers), and prayer-inventor (a person who invents prayers).
[This sense of mission can be used in the unrevised OED entries and you can inside the entries changed prior to 2019. C1b: “Which have verbal nouns, representative nouns, and participles, developing compounds in which cockle conveys the item of the root verb, like in cockle gathering, cockle picker, an chatavenue such like.; cockle-dinner, cockle-choosing, an such like., adjs.”]


The brand new optative is a type always display wish otherwise interest. Such, ‘Enough time live the fresh new Queen!’ has optative definition, expressing brand new should your Queen will alive for some time go out.

  • Decompose v. 6 is defined as ‘In imprecations or expressions of irritation or impatience, chiefly in optative subple is ‘God rot the lot of them!’, which has the sense ‘I wish that God would rot the lot of them!’


A parasynthetic compound is one created by two or more processes of word formation operating together. In English, it usually denotes an adjective formed using both compounding and derivation.

  • Most parasynthetic adjectives in English are of the form ‘X-Yed’, where X is an adjective, Y is a noun, and the suffix-ed means ‘having or provided with –‘; the suffix applies to the entire adjective + noun compound, and not just to the noun to which it is attached. For example, Black adj. has a special spends section with the heading ‘Parasynthetic’, containing adjectives such as black-haired. Black-haired is formed from the compound black hair and the suffix -ed, and means ‘having black hair’. Further examples of this type are brown-eyed, long-armed, high-backed.
  • The first element can also be a noun (e.g. in balloon-shaped, ‘having a balloon shape’, and rosewood-coloured, ‘having a rosewood colour’) or an adverb (e.g. in strongly-legged, ‘having strong legs’).
[The term parasynthetic can be used for the unrevised OED records as well as in entries modified ahead of 2019. Entries otherwise areas of records changed because 2019 use detailed wording, for analogy within Easy adj. C1: “Forming adjectives to your experience ‘who has got (a) easy -‘, from the consolidating with a beneficial noun + -ed, such as simple-attired, simple-oriented, simple-natured, simple-toothed, simple-witted, an such like.”]

parenthetical | parenthetically

A parenthetical word, phrase, or clause is inserted into a sentence as an explanation or afterthought, and is usually marked off by brackets, commas, or dashes. Such a word, phrase, or clause is said to be used parenthetically.

  • GASP int. is defined as ‘Used parenthetically to express mock horror, shock, surprise, dismay, etc.’ The illustrative quotations include uses of gasp inside brackets, e.g. ‘Let’s examine this point in the context of (gasp!) a hypothetical’, and uses inside dashes, e.g. ‘ A column about the couple’s decision to-gasp-date other people.’
  • Know v. 7d, ‘To be familiar with the habits, preferences, behaviour, etc., of (a person)’, is described as ‘Chiefly in introductory or parenthetical statements, as you know me, knowing you, etc.’ An example in a parenthetical statement is ‘If you’ve read as far as this-which I rather doubt, knowing you-you will probably wonder what I’m getting at.’